Living Water: What we can and can’t do about the global water crisis

original

Published on Thomson Reuters Foundation for International Youth Day on 09.08.13

Source: Fri, 9 Aug 2013 04:10 PM
Author: Alicia Hosking

Scrawled on the wall in the shower block where I do hot yoga on Tuesday nights are the words, ‘Non c’è vita senza acqua’ – that is, ‘There’s no life without water’. When thinking about the biggest global challenges we face today, access to clean water and sanitation would have to be right at the top of the list.

With five years to spare, the world has achieved UN Millennium Development Goal number 7D and halved the proportion of the planet’s population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Since 1990, 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved water sources. But ‘halved’ means the other half of the problem remains.

The facts are still astounding: 768 million people lack access to safe water, mainly in developing regions across sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia and Latin America. Globally, 2.5 billion people don’t have access to a toilet, meaning more people have a mobile phone than a WC.

Collectively, women and girls spend 200 million hours every day walking to collect water. That’s time they can’t spend in education, working or taking care of their families, and time when they’re at greater risk of harassment and sexual assault.

When they do arrive at the nearest water source, after a hike of up to three hours, the supply is often plagued with waterborne diseases like malaria, diarrhea and cholera. In fact, water-related diseases kill more people every year than all forms of violence around the world, including war. Most tragically of all, every 21 seconds a mother loses a child to a water-related illness.

As with many of the world’s most pressing social challenges, the enormity of the issue can paralyse us into doing nothing. But nothing is precisely what we cannot do. There are, hidden within every day, simple yet profound opportunities for us all to address the gross inequality that exists between the San Pellegrino drinker and the woman walking to the well.

Waste not, want not

Seemingly minor water savings in our homes can help turn the tide, as it were, on the global water crisis. We use an average of 137 litres of water per day on obvious things around the house, like drinking, cooking, showering, cleaning and laundry. But there is another, less visible way in which we get through far more water: the 167 litres used to produce the industrial products we consume in an average day, like paper, cotton and clothes. The old mantra comes to mind: reduce, reuse, recycle.

Watch what you eat

The big one, though, weighing in at 92 percent of our average daily consumption, is water spent on food production. Some 3,496 litres of water are hidden in our food each day. In fact, around 90 percent of the planet’s freshwater withdrawals go on feeding us.

Devout carnivores don’t like to hear it, but beef production is the worst perpetrator. All things considered (crop irrigation, drinking water, farmhouse services), it takes 14,400 litres of water to produce one kilogramme of boneless beef. In stark contrast, 822 litres go into producing a kilo of apples, 1,220 litres into a kilo of maize, 2,145 litres for a kilo of soya beans and 2,500 litres for a kilo of rice.

Initiatives like Meatless Mondays, founded in the USA in 2003, are gaining momentum worldwide, encouraging those less enthused about tofu and lentils to give up meat for just one day a week to help ease the environmental strain. Choosing meat raised on grass, rather than corn or grain, is preferable wherever possible and reducing food waste is crucial.

Drink responsibly

While the environmental impact and volume of water wastage surrounding the bottled water industry is a point of concern, there are brands out there intent on making a difference in developing nations.

Take for example Australian start-up Thankyou Water. Founded by Daniel Flynn five years ago when he was just 19 years-old, Thankyou Water has developed a sustainable business model by which every single unit sold at retail provides at least a month’s worth of safe water to someone in need. Using their ‘Track Your Impact’ app, customers can enter a code found on their purchased product and trace their contribution to the cause.

Give it away now

Charity: water, established by New York marketing guru Scott Harrison back in 2006, has created the birthdays campaign, providing each of us with a great opportunity to change the world once a year.

Birthday pledgers sign up to forego traditional presents, instead encouraging loved ones to donate towards the construction of water wells. To date, over 40,000 people, including Justin Bieber, Tony Hawk and the band Depeche Mode, have chosen to make a social impact with their birthday, raising more than $9 million for water projects around the globe.

The feeling of a refreshing shower or a cool drink of clean water is second to none – particularly after 90 minutes of hot yoga. Everyone should know how that feels.

Non c’è vita senza acqua.

The Future of Vintage

Published on MTV’s international pro-social website MTV Voices on 26.10.12

The Future of Vintage
What will still be going strong 100 years from now?

illustration

Having recently moved countries, I’ve spent a fair amount of time, energy and Euros this year on accumulating house stuff. I’m pleased to say, for once in my life, I resisted the urge to buy everything in one fell swoop of a massive Nordic homewares store, and chose instead to explore the vintage market along Milan’s Naviglio Grande canal in search of kitch bargains. The market, it turned out, was an antique market, so most of what stretched for 550 stalls along the canal was over 100 years old. One hundred years!

It all got me thinking: What will people sell in vintage markets 100 years from now? What will they treasure? What will gain value? What will last that long? Will anything last that long? I started to imagine my grandchildren peddling a wooden table I’d constructed myself with an Allen key and some tarnished earrings I bought at H&M…

Be it furniture, clothes, shoes, jewelry, music or toys, is the mass production of cheap goods killing the future of vintage? As we become more accustomed to instant gratification, snapping up cheap, quick, easy options wherever we go, are we moving away from ideas of quality and authenticity?

Vintage things are cool, not only because in many cities around the world it’s currently trendy to wear someone’s grandma’s cardigan in order to look fresh, but also because they remind us of a time when convenience and ease wasn’t the goal, when satisfaction came from quality and care rather than quantity and convenience.

Five things to keep until the year 2100

Encyclopedias
The heavy things librarians made us to look up before the internet existed, which expired every year. There will be volumes collecting dust on a bookshelf somewhere at your parents’ place, no doubt.

CDs
Like the crackle of an old vinyl record, the jumping, jittering sounds of a scratched compact disc in an antique boom box will warm the heart.

External hard drives
Archives of the future will probably just be rows and rows of external hard drives, filled with jpgs, blogs, emails and websites. Like tiny, digital time capsules that may or may not contain anything once they emerge from the junk drawers of the future.

Pokémon
I don’t know why. I’ve just got a hunch. They could end up being worth something.

Cameras
The type that aren’t phones and require actual film. The art of unedited, analogue photography and the joy of waiting days – even weeks – to see how happy snaps turned out will be a thing of the past.

Vote With Your Feet

Published on MTV’s international pro-social website MTV Voices on 05.11.11

Vote With Your Feet
We often like to point a finger or two at giant corporations and call them out for destroying the environment, exploiting children or helping the rich get richer while the poor get poorer. But are we the wind beneath their wings?

alicia

There aren’t many ways to wage war on big, multi-national conglomerates these days. With the same coffee chains and fast food stores occupying way too many street corners of cities right across the world, capitalist development appears to be just about unstoppable.

But at the end of the day, their existence relies solely on one thing: attracting consumers, which is brilliant because – that’s us! As consumers we get to decide who goes and who stays; who wins and who loses; who gets away with murder and what we’re not going to tolerate anymore.

Fairtrade’, ‘organic’, ‘ethically-sourced’ stamps of approval denoting moral standards are far more prevalent than they used to be, which suggests that as consumers we’re waking up and taking note of how the things we buy affect the wider world. But consuming responsibly doesn’t just stop at food…

Purchasing clothes made by ethical manufacturers rather than in sweat shops. Being aware of where your coffee beans were harvested, and by whom. Reading a reputable news source rather than pages filled with intrusive paparazzi snaps. Watching a movie starring Leonardo DiCaprio about the mining of diamonds in Sierra Leone is part of it too, because half the battle of generating social change is raising awareness. Deciding to walk into the small, less shiny corner store run by a local family rather than the big, air-conditioned shopping centre with the neon lights. Choosing, with every product we consume, to be mindful of how our decisions affect others. That is voting with your feet.